National Parks and the Canadian Government
The national parks of the Canada are federally operated entities based on the American national park system.
The government administrator of the National Parks is the Minister of the Environment, currently Leona Aglukkaq, Conservative MP for South West Norfolk.
- Leona Aglukkaq, MP on parl.gc.ca
- Leona Aglukkaq's website on the Environment Canada website
- Environment Canada
- Parks Canada
Key Figures in the Creation of the National Parks of Canada
- JB Harkin(Commissioner of Domion Parks Branch)
Harkin was a conservationist, originally a journalist, he later became the First Commissioner of Dominion Parks Branch, what Parks Canada used to be called. During his time as commissioner, Harkin presided over the opening of nine national parks. In working with his American counterparts, Harkin advised and was influencial in creating the American National Park Service, Canada's National Park Service was initially created in 1911.
Legislation Creating and Revising the National Parks of Canada
- Rocky Mountains Park Act 1885
Established what is now known as Banff National Park, Canada's first national park.
- National Parks Act 1930
Formal protection of national parks by the federal government.
- Historic Sites and Monuments Act 1985
An act to create a registry of historic sites and monuments much like the one administered by the National Park Service in the United States.
- Parks Canada Agency Act 1998
An act of the Canadian Parliament to restructure and create the Parks Canada authority which over sees national parks.
- Canada National Parks Act 2000
An overhaul of the original National Parks Act 1930
- Heritage Lighthouse Protection Act 2008
An act to protect the lighthouses of Canada.
- Expansion and Conservation of Canada’s National Parks Act 2013
Designated Sable Island National Park and amended other provisions of the Canadian National Parks Act 2000.
Conservation StrategyThe national parks of Canada attempt to conserve the natural landscapes much like how the American national park system does, where the conservation of natural state is preferred. The total method of conserving that parks hasn't always been there in the form of American conservation though, resource extraction has been allowed in some national parks. Economic development for tourism money also leads to development that would not be seen in American parks either, their main original goal was to provide recreation, but more strict conservation rules were later added.
Because they were emulating the American National Park system, Canada also ran into issues pertaining to native cultures who lived on land, and took much of the same action, where they removed those people.